Friday, 23 February 2018

Why it’s Essential to Know the Breast Cancer Risk

Understanding your risk of breast cancer will help you make informed decisions about your health. They can endanger factors that can be minimized or eliminated. Other risk factors cannot be controlled. It is recommended that women with an average risk of developing breast cancer at the age of 40 years have an annual mammogram. If you are at high risk, you may need to take additional measures to detect breast cancer and preventive treatment. Understand your risks and understand what it means to help you understand the risks and benefits of the tests and preventive measures that your doctor can evaluate and make informed decisions about your treatment.

Understanding the risk of breast cancer
The risk of breast cancer is expressed in two different ways. The absolute risk is the probability that after a while a woman will become infected with breast cancer. Relative risk, complete risk groups with specific risk factors and without comparison. For example, the total risk of developing breast cancer is usually 12.3%, but a woman's absolute risk varies according to risk factors, such as genetic predisposition, personal medical history or alcohol consumption. Relative risk helps women and their caregivers understand the consequences of individual risk factors that affect women's health. If a woman has a high risk of developing breast cancer, your doctor may recommend other methods of prevention and early detection.
Information is collected from patients to determine the risk of breast cancer using the Tyrer-Kuzhik model, a tool to calculate the risk of developing breast cancer in a woman. The Tyrer Cuzick model takes into account the following factors:
        Body mass index (BMI)
        Family history
        The period in the menarche, first live birth and menopause
        use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT)

Magnetic resonance of the mammary glands
The American Cancer Society (ACS) and the American College of Radiology (ACR) recommend additional evaluations for women with an absolute risk of developing breast cancer at the age of 20% or more, depending on individual factors. The organization assumes that women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes or genetic mutations in the first degree with any of these mutations have other genetic predispositions or radiation therapy for 10-30 years, breast MRI, more on their annual mammogram. 

Friday, 16 February 2018

Breast cancer risk assessment: calculation of life-threatening risk according to the Tier-Kuzik model

Early detection and prevention are more useful for people at higher risk of breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second most common cause of cancer death in women
The American Cancer Society (ACS) predicts that 40,690 deaths - diagnosed 246,600 cases of breast cancer in2016. However, early detection with adequate screening can reduce breast cancer mortality. And recommend a screening test for patients with primary care. 

Screening of high-risk women
One size is not suitable for all cases of breast cancer. Except for the USPSTF, all of these organizations offer more intensive testing for high-risk women. Although the USPSTF has not developed guidelines for high-risk women, it recognizes that its guidelines are not intended for high-risk women. NPs must identify high-risk women and perform more intensive tests as needed. ACS, NCCN, and the American Congress of Gynecologists recommend that women at risk for breast cancer ≥20% in their lives have an annual mammographic screening of breast MRI scans. The addition of breast MRI increases the sensitivity in the detection of breast cancer compared to mammography alone. NP can calculate the risk of developing breast cancer from different models.

Calculation of life expectancy in breast cancer
Different software models can assess a woman's lifetime risk based on family history and other risk factors.
Some of these models are BRCAPRO Claus, which provide an analysis of the presence of breast cancer and ovarian cancer, as well as an algorithm to evaluate the owners and Tyrer-Cuzick.
The Tyrer-Cuzick model is widely used and is commonly used to predict the risk of breast cancer. This model contains the complete set of variables and is the most sensitive of all models of breast cancer detection. Tyrer-Cuzick Model is very helpful to detect breast cancer on early stage.
For more detail please click here.

Friday, 9 February 2018

Mammogram: Scary or Necessity

Let’s start with a simple question here.

What is a mammogram?
A mammogram is a screening tool that exists since the 1960s - and uses low-dose X-ray images to examine the breast. The objective is to identify breast cancer at an early stage when the chances of recovery are the highest.
The mammography works by pressing the chest for a few seconds so you can take two standard images of each breast, one vertical and one horizontal. Breast compression is necessary to:
·         Smooth results
·         Give the clearest image

Friday, 2 February 2018

All you need to know about Breast Ultrasound

Day by day the risk of breast cancer is increasing as people are exposed to many harmful activities and radiation. But, this can be avoided by taking some precautions and examinations on early stages.
Breast ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look inside the chest; that can help your doctor to find any problems. It also allows your doctor to see how the blood circulates around your chest.
The doctor moves a device, called a transducer, to create images of your breasts. The transducer emits sound waves that bounce off the breast tissue. The sound waves are too strong for you to hear. Then the sensor detects shock waves. They are made in photographs.
Ultrasound is safe during pregnancy, because it does not use radiation.

Thursday, 30 November 2017

Be Sure To Ask Your Doctor If You Have Dense Breasts

Research has demonstrated that ladies who have thick breasts have an expanded hazard for breast disease. Precisely why the relationship between's high breast thickness and breast growth exists is as yet being examined, yet what's notable is thick breasts may cloud the consequences of a mammogram. Thick breasts contain less greasy tissue and more fibroglandular tissue (a mix of connective and glandular tissue).
Specialists say this represents a test to radiologists who assess mammograms. On the off chance that the breast shows up dominatingly 'white' on a mammogram in view of fibroglandular tissue, it can be exceptionally hard to identify tumor.
This is on the grounds that both ordinary fibroglandular tissue and malignancy show up as white masses, making it difficult to decide if the tissue is harmful. Specialists have since quite a while ago wrangled about which analytic imaging instruments are most proper for screening ladies with thick breasts. Specialists have examined MRI, scintimammography (i.e., atomic solution breast imaging) and ultrasound, all of which had shifting advantages and disadvantages.
Specialists say like a CT check, a 3-D mammogram separates the pictures into thin cuts with the goal that growths can be all the more effortlessly identified from the encompassing foundation. Screening mammography proposals for women with thick breasts are at first the same as those recommended by the general breast growth screening rules.
In any case, it must be noticed that breast thickness is exceptionally normal, especially in more youthful ladies. The same number of ladies age, their breast thickness diminishes. It's additionally essential to realize that breast thickness did not depend on the solidness or size of a breast. Or maybe, radiologists decide breast thickness in light of what they find in a mammogram. Hence, make certain to inquire your doctor if you have dense breasts.

Saturday, 25 November 2017

Knowing Breast Density Is Important To Know the Stage of Breast Cancer

Breast thickness compares an analyses the measure of fat to the measure of tissue on a mammogram. Thick breasts contain more glandular and sinewy tissue than greasy tissue. By and large, more youthful ladies have a tendency to have thick breasts, and breast thickness regularly diminishes as a lady gets more seasoned. Ladies who have thick breasts are four to five times more prone to create breast malignancy than ladies with low breast thickness.
Specialists are attempting to make sense of why. We realize that thick breasts can make it harder to discover breast malignancy on a mammogram. Since both malignancy and thick breast tissue look white or light dark on a mammogram, thick tissue may conceal a tumor from see. Computerized mammography has been observed to be more precise than film mammography for ladies with thick breasts.
Likewise, breast mammography, ultrasound and MRI are being concentrated to decide if consolidating these tests will enhance location in ladies with thick breasts. While thick breasts increment the danger of breast disease, it isn't clear if lessening breast thickness will diminish breast growth chance.
For instance, getting more established and putting on weight after menopause are both identified with bring down breast thickness, but at the same time are identified with an expansion in breast growth hazard.
When all is said in done, ladies whose breasts are delegated heterogeneously thick or amazingly thick are considered to have thick breasts. On the off chance that you live in an express that does not have laws on thick breasts, you ought to approach your specialist for the data.